Nylon production business is perfect for those who have technical skill and knowledge about the production process and market. Nylon is considered as a synthetic polymer (PE Films) and refers to a segment of polymers called linear polyamides. Globally, nylon demand is expected to increase from 2.3 percent to 3.5 percent from 2013-18. Nylon is more popular as fiber used in manufacturing of carpets and stockings. However a significant part of the global nylon production is utilized in production of engineering polymers.
Market Opportunity For Nylon Production
Some of the major products where nylon is used as a potential raw materials, are blouses, dresses, foundation garments, hosiery, lingerie, underwear, raincoats, ski apparel, windbreakers, swimwear, cycle wear, home furnishings, Bedspreads, carpets, curtains, upholstery etc. Apart from these nylon has a very potential industrial applications also. Such as tire cord, hoses, conveyor and seat belts, parachutes, racket strings, ropes and nets, sleeping bags, tarpaulins, tents, thread, mono filament fishing line, dental floss and packaging industry. The demand of nylon fiber is ever increasing and initiating a nylon production business is a profitable small scale manufacturing opportunity world wide.
Characteristics Of Nylon That Has Made Nylon Production Profitable
Some of the beneficial characteristics of nylon fiber is actually responsible in making nylon so popular and effective raw material in various different industry. Nylon is
- Exceptionally strong
- Abrasion resistant
- Easy to wash
- Resistant to damage from oil and many chemicals
- Can be precolored or dyed in wide range of colors
- Melts instead of burning
- Transparent to infrared light (−12 dB)
- Low in moisture absorbency
- Filament yarns provide smooth, soft, long-lasting fabrics
- Spun yarns lend fabrics light weight and warmth
Nylon Production Business Plan
In starting a nylon production business, creating a comprehensive business plan in mandatory. A well-written business plan will help you in getting finance and in day-to-day business operation. First you must take decision about what specific quality of nylon you will going to produce. Before taking the decision, doing an intensive market research is advisable. You will need to determine the manufacturing process, required machinery, raw material, staffing and marketing plan. These will help you in getting a feasibility study about the business, figuring out how much startup capital you actually need including fixed and working capital.
Location & Nylon Production Unit
In initiating a nylon production company, selecting a right location for manufacturing activity is important. First check the license and permissions that are needed from Government Authority of your location. Select a place that allow you to get smooth processing of licensing factors such as factory permission and pollution no objection (if required). Commercial electricity is also required. It is always recommended to select a place within industrial zone.
Nylon Production Machinery & Raw Materials
In initiating a small scale nylon production unit, you can go for a semi-automatic process. Main required machinery are extruder, blower, cutting machine, punching machine and sealing machine. According to your specific requirement with desire production output, you can start manufacturing with locally fabricated machines. As your business grows, you can shift your manufacturing operation to a fully automatic mode.
Major raw materials for nylon production are bye products of petrochemical processing that are obtained from refineries. These main raw materials are polythene and polyethylene. Other basic petrochemical products from which nylon is made include Escorene, Lupene, Dow, B.A.S.F. etc.
Nylon Production Process
There are two common methods of making nylon for fiber applications. One method is, molecules with an acid (COOH) group on each end are reacted with molecules containing amine (NH2) groups on each end. The resulting nylon is named on the basis of the number of carbon atoms separating the two acid groups and the two amines. Thus nylon 6,6 which is widely used for fibers is made from adipic acid and hexamethylene diamine. The two compounds form a salt, known as nylon salt, an exact 1:1 ratio of acid to base. This salt is then dried and heated under vacuum to eliminate water and form the polymer.
Another method, a compound containing an amine at one end and an acid at the other is polymerized to form a chain with repeating units of (-NH-[CH2]n-CO-)x. If n=5, the nylon is referred to as nylon 6, another common form of this polymer. The commercial production of nylon 6 begins with caprolactam uses a ring-opening polymerization.
In both cases the polyamide is melt spun and drawn after cooling to give the desired properties for each intended use. Industrial nylon production and carpet fibers begins with an aqueous solution of monomers and proceeds continuously through polymerization, spinning, drawing, or draw-texturing.
Like any manufacturing initiative, nylon production business also demand core emphasis on design, integration, improvement of manufacturing system and process. As nylon production is a B2B business, networking and company promotion is important in getting success.
“For Further Reading”
1. Working with Nylon (Speaking of Plastics Manufacturing Series)